1879: Thomas Edison perfected a workable electric light at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J.

In the world

1805: A British fleet commanded by Adm. Horatio Nelson defeated a French-Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar; Nelson, however, was killed.

1966: 144 people, 116 of them children, were killed when a coal waste landslide engulfed a school and some 20 houses in Aberfan, Wales.

Today’s birthdays

Actor Joyce Randolph is 99. Musician Manfred Mann is 83. Musician Steve Cropper (Booker T. & the MG’s) is 82. Musician Elvin Bishop is 81. TV’s Judge Judy Sheindlin is 81. Musician Charlotte Caffey (The Go-Go’s) is 70. Movie director Catherine Hardwicke is 68. Musician Julian Cope is 66. Actor Ken Watanabe is 64. Musician Charlie Lowell (Jars of Clay) is 50. Reality-TV star Kim Kardashian is 43. Actor Glenn Powell is 35. Musician Kane Brown is 30.

— The Associated Press